No. Just as the backlash against Arab-Americans after September 11 was not “understandable” and has been correctly labeled as racist; just as the backlash against Japanese-Americans in World War Two was racist and unjustified, so too was any Arab backlash against the Jews of the Middle East and North Africa. If the Jews of Arab states were truly seen by their neighbors and governments as equal citizens then the anti-Jewish rioting, massacres and expulsions would not have taken place.